PAN India support listing of 5 pesticides in Anex III of Rotterdam Convention
Blog | 29th April 2017
PAN India support listing of all the five dangerous pesticides in the Annex III of Rotterdam Convention. The Prior Informed Consent (PIC) procedure of the Rotterdam Convention is a means for formally obtaining and disseminating information that was agreed by governments so that decisions can be made based on scientific information that are reviewed by a technical committee. Listing in the PIC list ensures information flow and is not a ban or restriction. The Convention promotes shared responsibility between exporting and importing countries in protecting human health and the environment from the harmful effects of such chemicals and provides for the exchange of information about potentially hazardous chemicals that may be exported and imported.
All five pesticides proposed for listing into the PIC list are registered for use in India (Ref.: Insecticides/Pesticides Registered under section 9(3) of the Insecticides Act, 1968 for use in the Country, as on 30th October, 2016). They are the following: 1. Fenthion, 2.Trichlorfon, 3. Paraquat dichloride, 4. Carbofuran, and 5. Carbosulfan (Refer table no. 1 given below to learn more on toxicological information, approved use in India and international regulatory status of these pesticides). Approved use of pesticides obtained from CIB&RC website shows two formulations of Fenthion, three formulations each of Trichlorfon and Carbosulfan, and one formulation each of paraquat dichloride and carbofuran are approved for use in India.
Research and documentation over the past couple of years revealed that use of pesticides in India is not complying with the national laws as well as the International Code of Conduct on Pesticides management. Safe use of pesticides cannot be expected under this approach. Farmers are not properly informed on the inherent risks of use of pesticides. They are neither trained on how to use pesticides nor on the use of personal protective equipments (PPE). Farmers lack access to PPE, apply pesticides without using recommended PPE and put themselves in danger in various ways. Use of pesticides in the ground is not complying with the national approved use. Farmers are ingrained in using pesticides, ignoring precautions and adopting practices that suit their capacities and resulted in unsafe, indiscriminate and illegal practices while non chemical alternatives are available. Entire chain of commercial pesticide supply is unregulated.
These facts necessitate sincere efforts from the government to protect its people and environment. Towards this, we urge the Government of India to support the listing of paraquat and all other four pesticides - Fenthion, Trichlorfon, Carbofuran, Carbosulfan- in the Annex III of the Rotterdam Convention, so as to facilitate the process of sharing information in international trade of such pesticides between parties and non parties to the Convention. Rotterdam Convention is only about prior informed consent. Listing of pesticides and chemicals in this Convention will help in arriving at informed decisions while handling such hazardous pesticides for both parties and non-party countries to the Rotterdam Convention, and thereby contribute to minimization of human and environmental hazards, addressing concerns over risk and hazards as well as achieving Sustainable Development Goals.
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