• Draft Pesticide Management Bill-2017 not comprehensive enough to address issues on pesticides in India

    Draft Pesticide Management Bill-2017 not comprehensive enough to address issues on pesticides in India In its comments submitted to joint secretary (Plant Protection), PAN India presented a detailed deliberation on problems, concerns and challenges on the Bill. Further PAN India demanded transparency and comprehensive consultation process before the bill is finalized. Pesticide Action Network (PAN) India, a non-profit organisation exclusively working on pesticides related issues complained that the draft Pesticide Management Bill 2017 is not comprehensive enough to address the multitude of concerns about pesticides in India. The Department of Agriculture Cooperation and Farmers Welfare made the draft bill available to stakeholders/public during the second half of February 2018, and sought comments within 15 days. While PAN India welcomed the initiative by the Union Government in seeking comments from stakeholders on the Bill, a critical review by it shows that the draft bill is rudimentary and basic without any serious content that addresses regulatory concerns and challenges over hazardous poisons. It complained that unfortunately the draft Pesticide Management Bill 2017 is almost similar to its 2008 version. Dr. D. Narasimha Reddy, Director of PAN India says, “this draft 2017 bill is almost similar to the 2008 version, which was rejected by farmers groups. The core principle of active regulation is missing in this draft, even while it ignores the need for price control, knowledge-based, participatory and sustained monitoring of toxicity and impacts. It merely lays down steps of registration that transition from paper-based procedure to digital system, without adding any facilitating provision for transparency, consultative and sharing mechanisms." PAN India feels that it is high time for India to update its pesticide legislation and regulatory mechanisms with the objective of responding to its commitments made under Sustainable Development Goals and Agenda 2030. It is a fact that about 50 year old Insecticides Act 1968, together with Insecticides Rules 1971, that govern pesticide registration is unable to respond to various hazardous situations, toxicity implications and socio-economic issues thrown up by the harmful effects of the dangerous agro-chemicals. Lack of a 360 degree regulation of toxic pesticides has probably resulted in numerous pesticide poisoning incidents over the years, including the latest 2017 poisonings and deaths reported from Yavathmal in Maharashtra and Perambalur in Tamilnadu. This apart poisonous gas leak near Tughlaqabad Depot affecting innocent school children in Delhi among others calls for an improved pesticide regulatory framework with stricter and no-nonsense implementation in India. Further, PAN India draws public attention to the process followed by the government on developing the bill is short on transparenncy. A stakeholders meeting with limited invitation was conducted on 11th January, 2018 to discuss the bill. Intimation about this consultation meeting was not widely circulated. However, it appreciates access to the minutes of this meeting on the web site of Department Of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers Welfare. Be that as it may, it is interesting to note that only 12 State governments (including Andaman & Nicobar), out of 29, provided their inputs. PAN India believes that a democratic process has to be followed when the stakes are high in regulating a sector that deals with dangerous chemicals such as pesticides. Consultations on the draft Bill have to be wider, inclusive with appropriate timelines and schedules. PAN India argues that more time, atleast 90 days, needs to be given for stakeholders to give their feedback. Current,15 days time period given for stakeholder comments is grossly insufficient. PAN India stresses that the Pest Management Bill-2017 should be within the framework of international guidelines such as International Code of Conduct on Pesticide Management, the respective Guidelines on Highly Hazardous Pesticides, and Guidance on Pest and Pesticide Management-Policy Development put forth by Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and World health Organization (WHO) as well as other relevant international conventions, protocols and treaties related to pesticides and hazardous substances. The process of registration and review of pesticides must have to undergo a comprehensive public health risk and environmental risk assessments, need assessment, efficiency assessment, assessment of alternatives, etc. as per the respective guidelines. Sri. Jayakumar Chelaton, Director of PAN India said, "Pesticide Management Bill 2017 is not inclusive and does not take cognizance of horrible experiences of Indian farmers and general people who are impacted by the toxicity, which is growing in tandem with the profits. Indian government representation in international conventions such as Rotterdam and Stockholm is at best based on adhocism. The proposed Central Pesticides Board does not have any function that links it to this process" While the title of the draft bill says it is ‘a bill to regulate the import, manufacture, export, storage, sale, transport, distribution, quality and use of pesticides’, inside the content does not address the alarming scenario of pesticide use in India. It rather seems to promote or legalize various industry practices. PAN India in its research has established that pesticides use approved by CIB&RC and recommended by State Agriculture Departments or Universities as well as Commodity boards is not compliance with the specific use a particular pesticide is approved for. There is wide gap in registered purpose, recommended usage, package of practices and field applications. Sri. Dileep Kumar, Programme Coordinator of PAN India added "the link between package of practices and actual usage pattern of pesticides was not regulated before. This bill does not update itself on this aspect". PAN India also feels that there should not be a provision in the bill such as ‘Protection of action taken in good faith’.  Such a provision should not be allowed because, more than enough scientific and technical data and expertise available nowadays that should be consulted properly before arriving at a decision, especially when matters related to regulating pesticides. Regulators cannot merely make decisions based on ‘good faith’, rather it should be gone through a process based on accepted norms and standards put forth by Food and Agriculture Organisation, World health Organisation, Globally Harmonised System of Classification of Chemicals, as well as various relevant international conventions, protocols and treaties. Decision taken on good faith can be often biased, its better to rely on informed decision-making process. PAN India believes that registration and use of highly hazardous pesticides should not be allowed in India. There is enough scientific data on their potential to cause acute as well as chronic human health and environmental impacts. The chronic ill effects of pesticides often are unable to cure at all, forcing the victims to lead a miserable life. Considering this factor, India needs to ban all highly hazardous pesticides and replace them with non-chemical alternatives. Ecological agriculture is the good option to move forward in this regard. PAN India demands a proper democratic consultation process to make comprehensive pesticide regulatory legislation in India so as to safeguard its people from dangerous effects of pesticides as well as to protect environment from contamination and pollution. Provisions on regulating pesticides over their entire life cycle, polluter pays principle, liability, etc. need to be part of the Pesticide Management Bill.   For Further Details Contact: admin@pan-india.org    Recent Posts Farming Community in Yavatmal came up with a Declaration to stop pesticide Menace on the World Soil Day and No Pesticide Use Week Draft Pesticide Management Bill-2017 not comprehensive enough to address issues on pesticides in India END CORPORATE GREED! RIGHTS NOW! Untold Realities of Pesticide Poisonings in Yavatmal District in Maharashtra Chemical leak in Delhi – PAN India urge to establish pesticide free buffer zones around schools TagsAgroecology AnupamVarma Commitee Report Banned Pesticides BAN Pesticides BRS COPs 2017 Climate Change Corporate Accountability Corporate Libility Delhi gas leack Draft Banning of Pesticides Order 2016 Fact Finding Mission Food Sovereignty Glyphosate Herbicide HHP HHPs Indian Tea India Pesticide Ban India Pesticide Risk Inhalational Poisonings Maharashtra Association of Pesticide Poisonned Persons No pesticide Use Day Paraquat Paraquat Retailing India Paraquat Use is India Pesticide Management Bill-2017 Pesticide Poisoning in Yavatmal Pesticide Regulation Phasing out HHPs Plantation Pesticide PMB-2017 Roundup Tea Plantations UN HRC Special Rapporteur on the right to food World Soil Day Yavatmal Declaration Yavatmal poisoning


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  • Untold Realities of Pesticide Poisonings in Yavatmal District in Maharashtra

    Untold Realities of Pesticide Poisonings in Yavatmal district in Maharashtra PAN India Releases Assessment Report on Yavatmal Poisonings and Deaths -Various pesticides used by a cotton farmer in Yavatmal Pesticide Action Network (PAN India) today released its assessment report on the unfortunate  incident of deaths and poisoings of small scale farmers and farm workers happened in Yavathmal due to inhalational and contact exposures to pesticides. This report shows ground reality of multitude of issues related to cotton farming right from seed to pesticide application practices, farming and working conditions, lack of proper access to information, etc. that have brought in the pathetic situation. The ground reality shows that national laws and International code of conduct on pesticide management among others are  grossly violated in Yavatmal. DOWNLOAD REPORT  HERE  Major findings 1.Every year, hundreds of farmers and farm workers access quacks, clinics, individual Doctors, private and public hospitals for pesticide poisoning in Yavatmal district in Maharashtra and Adilabad district in Telangana. 2.There is no rational, scientific and informed medical treatment of affected farmers and farm workers admitted in various hospitals. 3.Farmers and farm workers, who have chronic, persistent health problems due to pesticides exposure and are in need to get medical attention, are being ignored. 4.Medical fraternity in India considers atropine as a universal antidote, with possible serious implications on treatment methods and patient recovery. 5.Relief for families wherein deaths have been reported were the target of government compensation which is a welcome measure. However, families wherein individuals exposed to hazardous pesticides and are suffering from various ailments including nausea, hyperactivity disorder, loose motion, eye burns, etc., did not get any relief. 6.There seems to be no assessment of why cotton plants randomly have grown beyond the average height. Farmers have reported plants growing to six or seven feet. There seems to be a link between genetically modified seed, impact of hazardous pesticides and the presence of foreign genes in cottonseed DNA. 7.Dense planting of cotton and presence of unauthorized ‘Roundup Ready Flex’ Seeds in Yavatmal district needs to be assessed. 8.There is a huge neglect, bordering on disdain, towards the misery faced by the farmers among medical fraternity, regulatory agency officials and agricultural department. There seems to be no rule of law. 9. No efforts can be seen to fix corporate accountability, of agrochemical companies and private medical practitioners. DOWNLOAD REPORT  HERE  Executive Summary Yavatmal is a pre-dominantly cotton growing area for decades. However, recent deaths and illness-induced hospitalisation due to toxic pesticides, insecticides and herbicides has caught the farmers and farm workers unawares. Even the most sleepy officials and imbecile pesticide marketing network had to notice this genocide, as someone put it. This year, unfortunate series of deaths and poisonings among farming community due to pesticide exposures very intensively in Yavatmal, and in other districts once again brought this region into limelight. Several deaths and hundreds of poisonings of farmers and farm workers has been reported from Yavatmal, Nagpur, Chandrapur, Amravati, Buldana, Bhandara and Akola districts, with highest number from Yavatmal. Since July this year, in 2017, small-scale farmers and farm workers were getting hospitalized regularly every day due to various debilitating ailments caused by exposure to pesticides. Reports show that farmers and farm workers who have been spraying pesticides in cotton fields have developed problems such as nausea, vomiting, irritation, eye burns, etc. and were taken to hospitals for treatment. Reports on these unfortunate incidents of deaths and hospitalisation due to exposure pesticides in the cotton fields spurred us to do a field assessment visit to Yavatmal. This team found that farmers visit hospitals on either side, whenever they get exposed to pesticide sprays, both private and public hospitals. Organophosphate poisoning results from exposure to organophosphates - chemical compounds found in insecticides and nerve agents. According to the latest report as on 15th October 2017, more than 450 poisoning cases and 23 deaths have reported from Yavatmal Medical College Hospital (YMCH) in the past three months. When we visited the hospital, several patients who suffered pesticide poisoning were admitted in the general ward and four were in ICCU. Most of the farmers suffering from pesticide poisonings are small-scale farmers and farm labor working on daily wages or hired sprayers, who mostly belong to downtrodden, neglected adivasi communities. Inhalational poisoning cases reach their peak during August and September. An analysis revealed that between July 6th and October 11th, 2017, 450 cases of inhalational poisonings due to exposure to pesticides are reported (by the time we prepare the report, more cases have come in). A junior doctor in the hospital said nausea, vomiting, head ache, sweating, restlessness, loose motions, fasciculation (muscle twitch), respiratory distress, pupil constriction, shivering, etc., were commonly noted among the pesticide poisoning cases. Despite widespread incidence of pesticide poisoning, there is no standard protocol for best, appropriate and real time treatment. India-wise, referral hospitals in districts where pesticide usage is rampant are inadequately equipped in terms of specialized toxicology services, beds, antidote stocks and other necessary equipment and medicines. Number of pesticide poisoned farmers and farm workers were turned out of the public and private hospitals, without proper, adequate and full care, for lack of beds, antidote stocks, low payment capacities and sheer negligence of medical teams. While medical personnel are unanimous in claiming that all pesticide poisoning cases are treated symptomatically, no diagnostic tests have been done on any of the poisoning cases. There is no information available on the dosage administered to each of the pesticide poisoning patients. Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College (VNGMC), at Yavatmal, has bed strength of 584. This is a referral hospital with inadequate, and improper facilities, and responsiveness towards pesticide poisoning cases in the district. Conditions with regard to 12 rural hospitals and 61 primary health centres, in this district, most possibly much worse. Interestingly, all pesticide poisonings are considered as Medico- legal cases (MLCs). If the procedure of MLC is followed fully, every ‘inhalational poisoning’ should have to be investigated by the police. This is not happening here. Yavatmal hospital categorises all accidental poisoning cases as ‘inhalational poisoning’ cases. This team felt that this could be the first step in administering incorrect therapy to agro-chemical poisoning cases. Our assessment shows that use of different pesticides together and pesticide cocktails are generally not factored in diagnosis and treatment decisions. Medical fraternity in India considers atropine as a universal antidote, with possible serious implications on treatment methods and patient recovery. Best treatment for poisoning depends on the availability of appropriate antidote in adequate quantity and at the appropriate time after poisoning. Depending on the poison, delayed use or unavailability of an antidote may lead to severe problems. In some poison cases antidote should be administered within 30 minutes of poison ingestion. Importantly, there is no rational, scientific and informed medical treatment of affected farmers and farm workers admitted in various hospitals. Farmers and farm workers, who have chronic, persistent health problems due to pesticides exposure and are in need to get medical attention, are being ignored. Approved pesticides (Insecticides, fungicides and Herbicides) and not approved for cotton have been sold and used in Yavatmal. Names of 16 agro-chemicals have emerged, from our assessment and media reports. A thorough study should be able to link particular pesticides with particular problems of exposure. However, attribution of current widespread poisonings to one or two pesticides is being attempted by regulatory agencies, primarily to channelize discontentment over regulatory performance. A total of 16 brands of various pesticides are used on cotton. An analysis shows eight insecticides including three combination products, a fungicide and two herbicides belonging to eleven technical grade pesticides are used for cotton. We did not get pesticide consumption data in Yavatmal. Yet, it is evident that farmers are using several brands of different pesticides to manage the pest menace in cotton. Farmers and the victims, the team has interacted, said that often they mix chemicals. Interestingly, Maharashtra also approves mixing of pesticides, as per guideline on a website. Scientific explanation of such recommendation is lacking. It needs to be examined further. Be that as it may, in this instance, farmers alone cannot be blamed for mixing pesticides since there is a policy guideline to mix and use. It is another matter whether farmers are following this guideline. The principle of mixing has been endorsed, which to our knowledge is not supported by research or regulation. It has been noted that farmers / farm workers use several different variants of spraying equipments. It includes hand-operated pumps, battery-linked motor sprayers (locally called as Chinese sprayers) and petrol-fuelled motor sprayers. Faulty sprayers have been blamed. However, how exactly they are faulty is not being explained. It is a reality that farmers and workers handling with pesticides do not use personal protective equipment. The Insecticides Rules has clearly put forth the required protective clothing including respiratory devices to be used while working with pesticides (Rules 39 and 40). Awareness on the use of pesticides, precautionary measures, safety aspects, etc., are not given to workers who work with pesticides. As a result, they are vulnerable to spillage, exposure, misuse, etc.. While spraying, workers can be exposed to pesticides variously; through direct exposure to spillage, spray drift though inhalation and/ or contact via skin. Continuous absorption of pesticides or cocktail of pesticides, through the skin of the worker, results in higher health risk. We were told that often workers get drenched under the motor-operated sprayers, when their concentration is on avoiding snake bites, wading through the thick cotton crop foliage and in other incidental conditions. Usually cotton is sown during June and application of pesticides including insecticides and weedicides begins after nearly a month. These days farmers start with herbicides. Farmers report varying spraying schedule, some report once in 10 days while some others reports once in 15 days. They are addicted to usage of pesticides, based on crop growth, rather than on observation of pests and assessment of pest levels. Farmers and farm workers continue to pay, unnecessarily and exorbitantly for various activities in agriculture. Pesticides, insecticides and fungicides are the usual burdensome cost factors. A rough calculation shows that per 1,000 farmers cost of agro-chemicals, including the health costs, is Rs.4.54 crores per season. In response to this episode, Maharashtra Government has announced financial support of Rs.2 lakhs to kin of the farmers and farm labour who died due to pesticide exposure. It has also issued guidelines on ‘do’s and don’ts while spraying pesticides, which were in any case available on their website. No effort has been made to bring this information nearer to the farmers and farm workers, even in this crisis period. Yet, most officials, including medical doctors and pesticide marketing network find it easy to blame farmers for not using PPE, consumption of alcohol and indiscriminate spraying practices. There is a need to appoint a panel of medical specialists, including neurosurgeons, to examine medical treatment given to current pesticide poisoning patients and develop an appropriate treatment procedure for farmers and farm workers admitted in private and public hospitals across Yavatmal district. Maharashtra should train anganwadi workers and other volunteers in each of the villages in giving first aid to victims of pesticide poisoning. Under Insecticide Act, 1968, specific provision should be brought for compulsory mention of antidote for each licensed pesticide by the manufacturer. No pesticide should be registered without information and commitment by the applicant about the antidote to the particular pesticide. Pesticide poisoning should be declared as a national tragedy and should be included in the disaster list maintained by the National Disaster Management Authority. A standard medical treatment protocol should be developed at the national level. The ground reality of multitude of issues related to cotton farming right from seed to pesticide application practices, farming and working conditions, lack of proper access to information, etc., reminds us of the fact that safe use of pesticides is not possible in the given scenario. Though pesticide poisoning was reported in previous years, no sustainable measures have been taken to stop poisonings. It is really a worrisome situation as innocent farmers and farm workers are getting poisoned and dying. It is high time that toxic pesticides are to be banned, at the same time farming communities are to be provided with adequate support both technically and financially to do farming without using chemical pesticides and agrochemical inputs for which several successful model are available in India. Agro-ecological practices have to be encouraged. In India, pesticides are regulated by various government agencies. The Central Agriculture Ministry regulates manufacture, sales, transport and distribution, export, import and use of pesticides through the Insecticides Act, 1968 and the Insecticides Rules 1971. The Central Insecticides Board is responsible for advising the Central and State governments on technical issues related to manufacture, use and safety of pesticides. Its response to this episode is mute and invisible. In conclusion, attribution of this genocide to one single causal reason is impossible. It is the circumstances, and the combination of different factors that led to these deaths and poisonings. Importantly, harmful pesticides constitute the core cause that lies at centre of these unfortunate series of human loss, along with apathy, disdain, profiteering motives and corruption. Agro-chemicals, with toxic contents, need to be restricted, and ultimately banned. Recent Posts Farming Community in Yavatmal came up with a Declaration to stop pesticide Menace on the World Soil Day and No Pesticide Use Week Draft Pesticide Management Bill-2017 not comprehensive enough to address issues on pesticides in India END CORPORATE GREED! RIGHTS NOW! Untold Realities of Pesticide Poisonings in Yavatmal District in Maharashtra Chemical leak in Delhi – PAN India urge to establish pesticide free buffer zones around schools TagsAgroecology AnupamVarma Commitee Report Banned Pesticides BAN Pesticides BRS COPs 2017 Climate Change Corporate Accountability Corporate Libility Delhi gas leack Draft Banning of Pesticides Order 2016 Fact Finding Mission Food Sovereignty Glyphosate Herbicide HHP HHPs Indian Tea India Pesticide Ban India Pesticide Risk Inhalational Poisonings Maharashtra Association of Pesticide Poisonned Persons No pesticide Use Day Paraquat Paraquat Retailing India Paraquat Use is India Pesticide Management Bill-2017 Pesticide Poisoning in Yavatmal Pesticide Regulation Phasing out HHPs Plantation Pesticide PMB-2017 Roundup Tea Plantations UN HRC Special Rapporteur on the right to food World Soil Day Yavatmal Declaration Yavatmal poisoning


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  • Chemical leak in Delhi – PAN India urge to establish pesticide free buffer zones around schools

    Chemical leak in Delhi - PAN India urge to establish pesticide free buffer zones around schools Press Release | 10th May, 2017 Toxic chemical leak in Delhi had left children breathless and in agony Chemical leak near two schools in New Delhi reminds us of the urgent need to create chemical-free buffer zones around education institutions. This chemical leak incident that happened very close to two schools in the Tughlakabad area in Delhi, in the morning of 6th May 2017, had left children breathless and in agony. According to reports, school going children inhaled a toxic chemical 2-Chloro-5-chloromethylpyridine, leaking from a truck parked in a container depot located near two schools in southeast Delhi’s Tughlaqabad area. More than 400 girls were immediately impacted and were hospitalised. Students of Government Girls Senior Secondary School (GGSSS) and  Rani Jhansi School were taken to nearby hospitals as they complained of severe eye irritation and breathlessness. According to news reports, students complained of vomiting, coughing, and feeling uneasy and eye irritation.   School students under treatment in a hospital, Delhi. Source: PTI Photo As reported, at least 487 school students and teachers and residents of a colony in Tughlaqabad fell sick on Saturday after inhaling fumes emanating from a liquid (2-Chloro-5-chloromethylpyridine). The National Disaster Response Force had reported that the truck contained 80 cans of  2-Chloro-5-chloromethylpyridine. The truck was parked in the Tughlaqabad depot waiting customs clearance. Reports say the chemical container was imported from China and was to be taken to Sonepat in Haryana. Chemical leaked in Delhi is used for manufacture of insecticides and pesticides 2-Chloro-5-chloromethylpyridine is used in the production of an insecticide imidacloroprid, which has been found to be extremely toxic to non-target insects and bees. According to Pubchem, an open chemistry database of US National Library of Medicine, 2-Chloro-5-chloromethylpyridine is a dangerous chemical having the potential to cause severe skin burns and eye damage. Apparently, some quick action from school authorities, and NDRF, has contained the situation, and has saved children from serious impacts. However, medical parameters of the affected children need to be monitored for a longer period, to rule out chronic impacts. Incidentally, this happened in the heart of the Indian capital. One can only imagine what if the same leak happened near rural schools, or locations, which are far away from hospitals and rapid action teams. Is India ready to protect its children from chemical accidents, incidents and neglect of safety by the transporters, storage operators and chemical or pesticide users? India did not learn much from the Bhopal disaster in 1984. Apart from the discussion whether the Delhi gas leak is a unfortunate incident or an accident, school going children are exposed to similar hazards on a daily basis in most rural areas across India, as pesticide sprays, often more dangerous than 2-Chloro-5-chloromethylpyridine. Children in schools located near agricultural fields, and plantations, inhale drift from pesticide sprays. Scientific research has established long back that children whose breath is faster than adults are likely to be impacted more severely. Children impacted by toxic chemicals is an indication of negligence and failure of regulatory regime Pesticide Action Network (PAN) India director C. Jayakumar said, “it is so sad that children had become victims of hazardous substances which are inputs in the manufacture of agrochemicals. Even after several incidents right from the Bhopal gas tragedy, our authorities have not  realized the seriousness of the problem and are not taking measures to keep away hazardous chemicals from the vicinity of even education institutions in view of  public health and safety”. Adding further, he said, “in India, we have successfully established tobacco and alcohol free zones around schools but failed to bring in such restrictions for more dangerous substances such as chemicals and pesticides.” Pesticides free buffer zones around education institutions needed Dr. Narasimha Reddy Donthi of PAN India pointed to the urgent need of establishing buffer-zones of at least a kilometre around education institutions and child care centres. Hazardous chemicals, pesticides and or raw materials used to produce such dangerous chemicals should not be stored, manufactured or used in any form near this safe zone. Dileep Kumar A. D., Programme Coordinator of PAN India, said “carelessness of manufacturers, importers, transporters and users of hazardous chemicals and pesticides, and inaction of concerned authorities today compromises the safety of children. The future of nation is in the hands of children and therefore they should get a toxic free life and poison free environment to grow”. PAN India urges the Central and State Governments to come up with stringent measures to keep away hazardous chemicals and pesticides from the vicinity of education institutions, to ensure safety of children. Considering public health and safety, authorities must come up with policies towards the establishment of pesticide-free buffer zones at least around schools while efforts should be taken to phase out production and use of agrochemicals. Take action - Support call for pesticide free buffer zones around schools Learn more about Protect Our Children from Toxic Pesticides campaign               Protect Our Children From Toxic Pesticides Support our call for pesticide-free buffer zones around schools.               Recent Posts Farming Community in Yavatmal came up with a Declaration to stop pesticide Menace on the World Soil Day and No Pesticide Use Week Draft Pesticide Management Bill-2017 not comprehensive enough to address issues on pesticides in India END CORPORATE GREED! RIGHTS NOW! Untold Realities of Pesticide Poisonings in Yavatmal District in Maharashtra Chemical leak in Delhi – PAN India urge to establish pesticide free buffer zones around schools TagsAgroecology AnupamVarma Commitee Report Banned Pesticides BAN Pesticides BRS COPs 2017 Climate Change Corporate Accountability Corporate Libility Delhi gas leack Draft Banning of Pesticides Order 2016 Fact Finding Mission Food Sovereignty Glyphosate Herbicide HHP HHPs Indian Tea India Pesticide Ban India Pesticide Risk Inhalational Poisonings Maharashtra Association of Pesticide Poisonned Persons No pesticide Use Day Paraquat Paraquat Retailing India Paraquat Use is India Pesticide Management Bill-2017 Pesticide Poisoning in Yavatmal Pesticide Regulation Phasing out HHPs Plantation Pesticide PMB-2017 Roundup Tea Plantations UN HRC Special Rapporteur on the right to food World Soil Day Yavatmal Declaration Yavatmal poisoning


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  • PAN Welcomes Listing of Pesticides under the Rotterdam Convention

    PAN Welcomes Listing of Pesticides under the Rotterdam Convention Press Release | 6th May 2017 Pesticide Action Network (PAN) welcomes the positive outcomes and discussions at the 8th Conference of Parties (COPS) to the Rotterdam Convention that held from 24 April to 5 May 2017. In particular, we are pleased that two pesticides, carbofuran and trichlorfon, were listed under the Rotterdam Convention. Carbofuran has caused many poisonings of both people and wildlife. Wpeste also welcome the serious discussion of gender issues, as the impact of chemicals on the health of women and children is too often ignored. Involving women in decision making and in programmes to reduce highly hazardous pesticides and to replace them with agroecology, is essential. We need policies to support women’s leadership in all levels and programmes to strengthen their capacity. We welcome the recognition of the need to link human rights and sound management of chemicals and waste, and we would like to suggest that the next COPs has a paper on the implications of human rights on sound management of chemicals. PAN is however, disappointed that we were excluded from important discussions on the effectiveness of the Rotterdam Convention. As CSOs, we have much to contribute in and we hope that CSOs will be included in the future work on this issue. Moreover, we are very disappointed that paraquat dichloride and fenthion were not included in Annex 3 of Rotterdam Convention even though they met the criteria for the listing. Rotterdam facilitates information sharing and so we urge those countries who blocked their listing to go to fields and plantations and see the real impact of these pesticides on the health of workers, farmers and their communities and the environment and not just look at its narrow economic benefits. Finally, in closing, we call on the Parties to the Conventions to respond positively to the request from The State of Palestine for assistance with the removal of banned pesticides and chemical waste, and with the implementation of sound management including monitoring and prevention of illegal traffic in chemicals and waste. In addition, a programme of monitoring and clean up is desperately needed.         Recent Posts Farming Community in Yavatmal came up with a Declaration to stop pesticide Menace on the World Soil Day and No Pesticide Use Week Draft Pesticide Management Bill-2017 not comprehensive enough to address issues on pesticides in India END CORPORATE GREED! RIGHTS NOW! Untold Realities of Pesticide Poisonings in Yavatmal District in Maharashtra Chemical leak in Delhi – PAN India urge to establish pesticide free buffer zones around schools TagsAgroecology AnupamVarma Commitee Report Banned Pesticides BAN Pesticides BRS COPs 2017 Climate Change Corporate Accountability Corporate Libility Delhi gas leack Draft Banning of Pesticides Order 2016 Fact Finding Mission Food Sovereignty Glyphosate Herbicide HHP HHPs Indian Tea India Pesticide Ban India Pesticide Risk Inhalational Poisonings Maharashtra Association of Pesticide Poisonned Persons No pesticide Use Day Paraquat Paraquat Retailing India Paraquat Use is India Pesticide Management Bill-2017 Pesticide Poisoning in Yavatmal Pesticide Regulation Phasing out HHPs Plantation Pesticide PMB-2017 Roundup Tea Plantations UN HRC Special Rapporteur on the right to food World Soil Day Yavatmal Declaration Yavatmal poisoning


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  • Consolidated List Of Banned Pesticides-Pan International

    Consolidated List Of Banned Pesticides-Pan International Press Release | PAN International | 24th May 2017 Pesticide Action Network (PAN) has frequently been asked for information on pesticides that have been banned by countries. The Consolidated List of Banned Pesticides (CL) has been developed to identify which pesticides have been banned by particular countries because there appears to be no other source for such information. Please download and read the Explanatory Note before attempting to read the spreadsheet of countries. PAN will update the spreadsheet approximately every 6 months. Every effort has been made to ensure the information contained in this CL is correct, but inevitably there will be errors, simply because for some countries there are conflicting lists of bans. If any country notices errors relating to their bans, please inform PAN at info@panap.net with the subject line Consolidated List of Bans. Additionally, PAN would welcome any information from countries not yet included in the list. Explanatory Note for the Consolidated List of Banned Pesticides (download) Consolidated List of Banned Pesticides (download)   Recent Posts Farming Community in Yavatmal came up with a Declaration to stop pesticide Menace on the World Soil Day and No Pesticide Use Week Draft Pesticide Management Bill-2017 not comprehensive enough to address issues on pesticides in India END CORPORATE GREED! RIGHTS NOW! Untold Realities of Pesticide Poisonings in Yavatmal District in Maharashtra Chemical leak in Delhi – PAN India urge to establish pesticide free buffer zones around schools TagsAgroecology AnupamVarma Commitee Report Banned Pesticides BAN Pesticides BRS COPs 2017 Climate Change Corporate Accountability Corporate Libility Delhi gas leack Draft Banning of Pesticides Order 2016 Fact Finding Mission Food Sovereignty Glyphosate Herbicide HHP HHPs Indian Tea India Pesticide Ban India Pesticide Risk Inhalational Poisonings Maharashtra Association of Pesticide Poisonned Persons No pesticide Use Day Paraquat Paraquat Retailing India Paraquat Use is India Pesticide Management Bill-2017 Pesticide Poisoning in Yavatmal Pesticide Regulation Phasing out HHPs Plantation Pesticide PMB-2017 Roundup Tea Plantations UN HRC Special Rapporteur on the right to food World Soil Day Yavatmal Declaration Yavatmal poisoning


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  • Phasing out highly hazardous pesticides with agroecology: Pesticide Action Network releases book at ICCM4

    Phasing out highly hazardous pesticides with agroecology: Pesticide Action Network releases book at ICCM4 Press Release by PAN International | 29th September 2016 Agroecological practices can increase farm productivity and food security, improve rural livelihoods and adaption to climate change, and reduce the environmental impacts of agriculture. At the 4th International Conference on Chemicals Management (ICCM4) in Geneva, Pesticide Action Network (PAN) International is releasing its book Replacing Chemicals with Biology: Phasing out highly hazardous pesticides with agroecology. click to download FAO Director-General, José Graziano da Silva, said in Paris in February this year "The model of agricultural production that predominates today is not suitable for the new food security challenges of the 21st century… Since food production is not a sufficient condition for food security, it means that the way we are producing is no longer acceptable." The new PAN book was written to address the concerns of policy makers around the world who are faced with the need to replace the use of highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs) with safer and sustainable alternatives. "Modern agroecological approaches to food production, together with many of the ecological practices that have evolved with farmers working alongside nature through hundreds of years, are proving to be sustainable, economically advantageous and good for food security" says Dr Meriel Watts from PAN Asia Pacific and main author of the book. Successful cases of agroecological farming in Asia, Africa, Latin America, Europe and USA, presented in the book, substantiating the long-standing claim that ecological principles applied to agriculture are effective tools in the management of pests, including weeds, and provide sustainable livelihoods to farmers and rural communities. "There is world recognition that agricultural production cannot continue its business as usual. Agroecology offers a viable strategy to increase agricultural productivity, build farmers' resilience, and protect the environment," says Sarojeni Rengam, executive director of PAN Asia Pacific. "The experiences in this book show how farmers using agroecological practices benefit from savings on agrochemical inputs and from improving their overall farm productivity. Getting better prices or market options for safer food helps farming households too" says Dr Stephanie Williamson, from PAN UK, and co-author of the book. The case studies show that agroecological farming can improve food security and strengthen food sovereignty, while providing better adaptation to climate change and reducing harmful environmental impacts. "Advancing equitable and sustainable development goals in agriculture requires grounding agrifood systems in agroecology as the central strategy," says Dr. Marcia Ishii-Eiteman, Senior Scientist at PAN North America, and one of the contributors to the book. "By integrating state-of-the-art science with local and traditional knowledge, agroecology offers a powerful solution to today's mounting social, economic and environmental stresses of climate change, water scarcity, land degradation and rural poverty." The book also presents national and international policy recommendations designed to assist policy makers to implement the changes necessary to support widespread adoption of agroecology. At the ICCM4 meeting in Geneva, Sep 28- October 2, 2015, delegates can decide to take action on a request by the Africa region to formally establish a Global Alliance to Phase-out HHPs. PAN is co-organizing a side event with the global NGO network, IPEN, entitled "Closing the Gap on Highly Hazardous Pesticides (HHPs): Agroecology & the Global Alliance to Phase-out HHPs." The book, Replacing Chemicals with Biology, will be released at this event, as it provides concrete guidance to government delegates which also support the Africa region's proposal for action. Notes for Editors: Numerous high level studies, including those by the International Assessment of Agricultural Knowledge, Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD) and the UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food have concluded that the greatest scope for improving food production and food security lies in small-scale, ecologically-based diversified production systems, especially in developing countries. “If we do persist with business as usual, the world’s people cannot be fed over the next half-century. It will mean more environmental degradation, and the gap between the haves and have-nots will expand. We have an opportunity now to marshal our intellectual resources to avoid that sort of future. Otherwise we face a world nobody would want to inhabit.” - Professor Robert T. Watson, Director of the IAASTD “… scaling up agroecological practices can simultaneously increase farm productivity and food security, improve incomes and rural livelihoods, and reverse the trend towards species loss and genetic erosion.” - Olivier de Schutter, UN Special Rapporteur on the right to food, 2011 About the book                                               Download Replacing Chemicals with Biology: Phasing out Highly Hazardous Pesticides with Agroecology” provides powerful evidence from The current model of industrial agriculture is a dead end every region of the world of improved yields, greater profitability for farmers, improved health, improved food security and sovereignty, greater resilience to adverse climate events, better opportunities for women farmers, improved biodiversity and social benefits such as better cooperation between farmers and within communities. For example, farmers practicing Community Managed Sustainable Agriculture in India find that their costs have been slashed by a third whilst yields have been maintained. There are seven core principles of agroecology which aim to develop and maintain an agroecosystem that works with nature, not against it – creating a balance that keeps pests in check. Adverse effects of highly hazardous pesticides (HHPs) on people and the environment have been a global concern for many years. In 2006, this was clearly expressed by the FAO Council when it recommended a progressive ban on HHPs. The concern crystallized at UNEP’s Fourth International Conference on Chemicals Management (ICCM4) in Nairobi in 2012, with the submission of a conference room paper supported by at least 65 countries and organizations. The proposed resolution included supporting “a progressive ban on HHPs and their substitution with safer alternatives”. While the resolution was not immediately adopted, countries participating in subsequent regional meetings of the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM) have reiterated concern about HHPs and called for more information on ecosystem-based alternatives. At SAICM’s Open-Ended Working Group in December 2014, following a call by the entire African region for a global alliance to phase-out these chemicals, it was agreed a proposal would be developed for ICCM4. Pesticides, designed to kill living organisms and deliberately released into the environment, now contaminate all parts of the world – soil, water, air, fog, snow, ice, the bark of trees, the Arctic, grasses high in the Himalayas and wildlife everywhere. They also contaminate people across the globe, and ordinary everyday exposures through use, drift and residues in food and water have resulted in a huge human toll including acute effects, chronic health problems and deaths. Recent field surveys show that a very high proportion of farmers and agricultural workers exposed to pesticides through their work are suffering acute health effects: in Pakistan, 100 percent of women picking cotton after pesticides were sprayed, in Bangladesh 85 percent of applicators, in Burkina Faso 82 percent of farmers and in Brazil 45 percent of agricultural workers surveyed. Agricultural production also suffers from loss of pollinators and the beneficial insects that provide natural control of pests. The purpose of this publication is to provide information drawn from all regions to assist countries in replacing HHPs with ecosystem-based approaches to pest and crop management – replacing chemicals with biology. It draws together previously published and new material in a form that is accessible for policy- and decision-makers at the national and international level, as well as providing practical guidance at the farm and farm-support level. It also points out that use, and phasing out, of HHPs must be seen in the context not only of human health and environmental impacts and costs, but also in the context of food security, poverty reduction, and climate change.       Recent Posts Farming Community in Yavatmal came up with a Declaration to stop pesticide Menace on the World Soil Day and No Pesticide Use Week December 7, 2018 Draft Pesticide Management Bill-2017 not comprehensive enough to address issues on pesticides in India March 15, 2018 END CORPORATE GREED! RIGHTS NOW! 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