• Indian government urged to push through with total ban of 27 pesticides Press Release | 27th June 2020 Photo: Dileep Kumar, PAN IndiaWhile appreciating the effort of Indian government to ban 27 pesticides, PAN feels that the recent developments show that the ban is in the process of being watered down, or worse, withdrawn completely with no other reason other than the profit motive of the chemical industry.  Allowing the manufacture and export of these pesticides reinforces “double standards” in pesticides trade, wherein countries are allowed to export pesticides that are already banned in their home countries. It’s a dirty practice that India, as a responsible member of the global community, must not replicate, keeping in mind global environmental health and well-being. Pesticide Action Network (PAN) Asia Pacific and PAN India strongly urges the Indian government to push through with its initial recommendation of a total ban on 27 toxic pesticides and prioritise people’s health and the environment over chemical industry profits. The two advocacy groups issued this joint statement after the Indian Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, responding to industry groups, amended an 18thMay draft order for a total ban on 27 pesticides. In the 10thJune revised order, government will now allow the manufacture of these pesticides for export purposes. It also extended the period for comments by stakeholders from 45 to 90 days, with an official even quoted in a news report as saying that the government may review the ban “if industry furnishes documents proving that these chemicals are safe for environment.” “We laud the Indian government for taking this much-awaited decisive step to ban these 27 pesticides, many of which are already banned in other countries. However, recent developments show that the ban is in the process of being watered down, or worse, withdrawn completely with no other reason other than the profit motive of the chemical industry. If allowed to happen, it will put to waste many years of independent study by its own expert panel and derail ongoing efforts to promote safer alternatives—something that should actually be a priority given the current health crisis,” said Sarojeni Rengam, PANAP executive director. Rengam stressed that allowing the manufacture and export of these pesticides reinforces “double standards” in pesticides trade, wherein countries are allowed to export pesticides that are already banned in their home countries. “Developed countries have been allowed to manufacture and export pesticides that they have already banned, revealing an unjust double standard that keeps the cycle of poison going. It’s a dirty practice that India, as a responsible member of the global community, must not replicate, keeping in mind global environmental health and well-being,” she said. The group noted that Indian pesticide exports go to countries like Bangladesh and Sri Lanka where PANAP have also monitored high cases of pesticide poisoning. Twenty of the 27 pesticides are part of PAN International’s list of Highly Hazardous Pesticides (HHPs), or pesticides with proven high acute toxicity, long-term health effects, and hazards to ecosystems. The ministry’s ban order itself states that these pesticides are carcinogenic, neurotoxic, disruptive to the hormonal system, and linked to reproductive and developmental disorders. They are also highly toxic to bees, aquatic organisms and birds. PAN India pointed out that some of these pesticides are already covered by state-level bans. “Two of these pesticides (monocrotophos, acephate) are already banned in the state of Maharashtra after being implicated in the high incidence of poisoning in cotton farming communities. The Punjab state government did not issue fresh licenses to five of the 27 pesticides (2,4-D, benfuracarb, dicofol, methomyl, monocrotophos) due to their harmful effects. In Kerala, some of these pesticides (monocrotophos, carbofuran, atrazine) have been banned since 2011 due to public health concerns. Evidence on the ground is clear: our farmers should no longer be using these pesticides,” said Dileep Kumar, PAN India assistant director. Additionally, 6 of the 27 pesticides (atrazine, carbofuran, chlorpyrifos, malathion, mancozeb, monocrotophos) are on PANAP’s list of Twenty Pesticides that are Toxic to Children, whose effects include birth defects, brain damage and reduced IQs. Monocrotophos, in particular, is responsible for the Bihar tragedy in 2013, wherein 23 schoolchildren died after eating food contaminated by the pesticide. Analysis by PAN India shows that there are currently 282 pesticides registered for use in India. “These 27 pesticides forms less than 10 percent of all registered pesticides. Hence, banning them would not impact food security and agriculture production, and even the assessment of the government found that alternatives are available to all of them. Several pesticides are also usually used for a single crop pest combination, so banning some of them would not affect crop health management but would definitely contribute to reducing the toxic burden of communities as well as Indian consumers,” Kumar added. Jayakumar Chelaton, PAN India director, added that many of the pesticides proposed for ban are implicated in both occupational and self-poisonings in India. “Banning these pesticides is expected to bring down poisoning incidences and ensure a safer working farm environment in the country. PAN India is happy to support the government in eliminating toxic pesticides and assist in replacing these with agroecological farming practices.” PAN India urges the Ministry of Agriculture to review all the remaining pesticides that are registered for use in the country with the same criteria used for assessing the 27 pesticides, and come up with stringent actions for protecting human health and the environment. It also calls on the government to amend the proposed Pest Management Bill 2020, as the current version has several deficiencies concerning pesticides registration, protection of workers and end users, and business and promotion practices. “The international community is vigilantly watching to see whether the Indian government will uphold public interest or cave in to industry pressure with the 27 pesticides ban. We have high hopes that it will stand by the findings of its expert panel and that it will base its final decision on independent, global, and scientific evidence and concrete experiences of farmers, not the self-serving and profit-motivated statements by the chemical industry,” said Dr. Narasimha Reddy, PAN India consultant. -------------------- Pesticide Action Network (PAN) is a network of over 600 participating non-governmental organizations, institutions and individuals in over 90 countries working to replace the use of hazardous pesticides with ecologically sound and socially just alternatives. PAN Asia Pacific (PANAP) is a PAN regional center based in Penang, Malaysia. PAN India is a national non-profit organisation based in Kerala, India. For reference: PAN Asia Pacific- Ms. Sarojeni Rengam, executive director: sarojeni.rengam@panap.net PAN India- A. D. Dileep Kumar, Ph. 09447340748; Dr. Narasimha Reddy Donthi, Ph. 09010205742; Jayakumar Chelaton Ph. 09447016587 Recent Posts भारत सरकार ने 27 कीटनाशकों पर पूर्ण प्रतिबंध लगाने का आग्रह किया കീടനാശിനികൾ നിരോധിക്കാനുള്ള തീരുമാനവുമായി കേന്ദ്രസർക്കാർ ശക്തമായി മുന്നോട്ട് പോകണം Indian government urged to push through with total ban of 27 pesticides Government Proposes Banning of 27 Pesticides Used in India Which are Banned In Other Countries Central Insecticide Board clarifies pesticide spraying with drone illegal in India TagsAgroecology AnupamVarma Commitee Report Banned Pesticides BAN Pesticides BRS COPs 2017 Climate Change Community Suffering Corporate Accountability Corporate Libility Delhi gas leack Draft Banning of Pesticides Order 2016 Fact Finding Mission Food Sovereignty Glyphosate Glyphosate ban Herbicide HHP HHPs Highly Hazardous Pesticides Indian Tea India Pesticide Ban India Pesticide Risk Inhalational Poisonings Maharashtra Association of Pesticide Poisonned Persons MAPPP Non-chemical Alternatives No pesticide Use Day Paraquat Paraquat Retailing India Paraquat Use is India Pesticide Management Bill-2017 Pesticide Menace in Yavatma Pesticide Poisoning Pesticide Poisoning in Yavatmal Pesticide Regulation Phasing out HHPs Plantation Pesticide PMB-2017 Roundup Tea Plantations UN HRC Special Rapporteur on the right to food World Soil Day Yavatmal Yavatmal Declaration Yavatmal poisoning


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  • Government of India Moves to Ban 27 Pesticides Used in the Country that are Already Banned Abroad Press Release | 20th May 2020 PAN India welcomes the proposal of Government of India to ban the 27 pesticides, and urges the Agriculture Ministry to review all the remaining pesticides registered in India with the same criteria used for assessing the 27 chemicals and come up with stringent regulatory measures. In an appreciable move, Government of India is considering banning of 27 highly toxic pesticides, which are currently used in India, but are already banned in one or more countries. In a gazette notification issued on 14thof May 2020, the Ministry of Agriculture proposed a draft order intended to ban the 27 pesticides and sought comments or suggestions from stakeholders. The notification says ‘sixty-six insecticides which are banned or restricted or withdrawn in other countries but continue to be registered for domestic use in India’ were reviewed by an Expert Committee set up by the Ministry of Agriculture. The ministry considered recommendations of this committee and recognized that use of the ‘twenty seven insecticides are likely to involve risk to human being and animals as to render it expedient or necessary to take immediate action’. The draft order has a list of 27 pesticides with decision of the government for each of them. Many of them are highly hazardous pesticides with potential to cause severe health effects such as hormonal changes, neurotoxic effects, reproductive and developmental health effects, carcinogenic effects, as well as environmental impacts such as toxic to bees. Many of them reported to have data deficient for regulatory purposes and noted that alternatives are available for all of them.  The following are the list of pesticides proposed to be banned which include insecticides, fungicides and weedicides: 2,4-D, acephate, atrazine, benfuracarb, butachlor, captan, carbendazin, carbofuran, chlorpyriphos, deltamethrin, dicofol, dimethoate, dinocap, diuron, malathion, mancozeb, methimyl, monocrotophos, oxyfluorfen, pendimethalin, quninalphos, sulfosulfuron, thiodicarb, thiophante methyl, thiram, zineb and ziram. Many of them are extremely and highly toxic pesticides. Some of them are already addressed by State level regulations/bans in India. Monocrotophos was banned briefly by Adilabad District Collector and Ooty District Collector due to rampant illegal use and toxicity potential on food, environment and farmers in 2019. In 2018, Punjab Agriculture Department had sought to review licenses and not to issue fresh licenses for five (2,4-D. benfuracarb, dicofl, methomyl and monocrotophos) of the 27 pesticides because of harmful effects on human beings and environmental sustainability and economic viability.  Maharashtra government prohibited two of them (monocrotohos and acephate) in 2017 as they were implicated in the high incidence of pesticides poisonings among cotton farming community. The State of Kerala already banned some of these pesticides such as monocrotophos, carbofuran, atrazine, etc. back in 2011 on the grounds of public health concerns.. Responding to the draft notification, Jayakumar Chelaton, Director of Pesticide Action Network (PAN) India noted that ‘this is a hopeful move by the Indian government for protecting public health and environmental well being’.  He added that ‘many of the pesticides proposed for ban are implicated in both occupational and self-poisonings in India. Banning them is expected to bring down poisoning incidences and ensuring a safe working farm environment in the country. PAN India is happy to support government of India for eliminating toxic pesticides by replacing them with agroecological farming practice. Dr. Narasimha Reddy, a policy expert and Consultant to PAN India stressed that, ‘the decision of Government of India to ban those pesticides used in the country, which are already banned in other countries is a much-awaited one. Banning of these pesticides would bring down toxic burden of farming community as well as consumers in India. However, more stringent regulations and bans are inevitable in India as we have more than 280 pesticides currently registered for use. Moreover, for safeguarding farming community and general public in the country, the proposed Pest Management Bill 2020 has to be amended appropriately as the current version introduced in the Rajya Sabha has several lacunae concerning pesticide registration, worker protection, end users of pesticides and immunity to pesticide business and promotion. Dileep Kumar, Assistant Director of PAN India said that, ‘15 of the 27 pesticides that are proposed to be banned now are considered ‘deemed to be registered pesticides’ in the country owing to data lacunae since several years’. He added ‘several pesticides registered for use in India are highly hazardous which are capable of causing severe short term and long term health consequences to the users and environment. Hence, PAN India urges the Ministry of Agriculture to review all the remaining pesticides that are registered for use in the country with the same criteria used for assessing the 27 chemicals and come up with stringent actions for protecting human health and environment’. Analysis by PAN India shows that, currently 289 pesticides registered for use in India and this 27 pesticides forms less than 10 percent of them. Hence banning these 27 pesticides would not impact food security and agriculture production in the country as the assessment of the government found that alternatives are available to all of them.  As several pesticides are registered and approved for use in India for a single crop pest combination, banning some of them would not affect crop health management but would definitely contribute to reducing toxic burden of communities. Hence PAN India strongly recommends the Agriculture Ministry to ban all these 27 pesticides without delay. Download PAN India's Response here   Recent Posts भारत सरकार ने 27 कीटनाशकों पर पूर्ण प्रतिबंध लगाने का आग्रह किया കീടനാശിനികൾ നിരോധിക്കാനുള്ള തീരുമാനവുമായി കേന്ദ്രസർക്കാർ ശക്തമായി മുന്നോട്ട് പോകണം Indian government urged to push through with total ban of 27 pesticides Government Proposes Banning of 27 Pesticides Used in India Which are Banned In Other Countries Central Insecticide Board clarifies pesticide spraying with drone illegal in India TagsAgroecology AnupamVarma Commitee Report Banned Pesticides BAN Pesticides BRS COPs 2017 Climate Change Community Suffering Corporate Accountability Corporate Libility Delhi gas leack Draft Banning of Pesticides Order 2016 Fact Finding Mission Food Sovereignty Glyphosate Glyphosate ban Herbicide HHP HHPs Highly Hazardous Pesticides Indian Tea India Pesticide Ban India Pesticide Risk Inhalational Poisonings Maharashtra Association of Pesticide Poisonned Persons MAPPP Non-chemical Alternatives No pesticide Use Day Paraquat Paraquat Retailing India Paraquat Use is India Pesticide Management Bill-2017 Pesticide Menace in Yavatma Pesticide Poisoning Pesticide Poisoning in Yavatmal Pesticide Regulation Phasing out HHPs Plantation Pesticide PMB-2017 Roundup Tea Plantations UN HRC Special Rapporteur on the right to food World Soil Day Yavatmal Yavatmal Declaration Yavatmal poisoning


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  • Media Statement | PAN India | 1st June 2019 KERALA CANCELED LICENSES ON GLYPHOSATE DISTRIBUTION AND SALE PAN India welcome Glyphosate ban in Kerala Indicating focus on public interest, the Kerala Agriculture Department cancelled licenses for distribution and sales of the controversial weedicide glyphosate in the State. The department issued order on 24th May 2019, in a bold move. Earlier in February 2019, Kerala had temporarily banned distribution, sales and use of glyphosate in the state. Kerala is the fifth state in India to come up with stringent measures to ban glyphosate following Punjab, Maharashtra, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh. The Agriculture Department responded to cancel the licenses in Kerala over concerns of public health and environmental pollution. Agricultural University of Kerala had submitted a report to Agriculture Department demanding immediate action to control and regulate the use of weedicides containing glyphosate as it can cause harmful effects to humans, animals and soil organisms as well as development of herbicide resistant weeds. The February ban was based on this report. Later Agricultural University of Kerala was assigned to assess and submit a report on the problems caused by this weedicide in Kerala. Cancellation of licenses of glyphosate-based products is presently is based on these reports. “We welcome the decision of the Kerala Agriculture Department to cancel licences for distribution and sales of glyphosate in the Kerala”, said Jayakumar Chelaton, Director of Pesticide Action Network (PAN) India. He remarked that this can be a milestone in the efforts of State government to phase out highly hazardous pesticides (HHP). With this landmark decision, Kerala has joined governments in more than 30 countries who took stringent, adverse regulatory measures on glyphosate, he added. Weedicides containing glyphosate is sold in markets in various names such as, Round up, Glycel, Glypfos, Safal, Weedoff, etc. Kerala government decided to act given the rampant and indiscriminate use of glyphosate in the State, induced by dubious marketing methods. Though glyphosate was approved for use only in tea plantations and non-crop area, in India, it has been widely used in across all crops of Kerala. Further, uses have been noted in courtyards, school premises, roadsides and public places. Due to this, residues of glyphosate were reported in food products as well. Glyphosate Cancellation of License order, Government of Kerala Governments of various countries have banned or severely restricted glyphosate on the grounds of protecting public health, food safety as well as protecting and maintaining a better environment for future generation. Joining this pantheon, Kerala government had canceled the license of glyphosate weedicides considering public health, food safety, ecological protection and agricultural sustainability. Kerala has always been at the forefront in India, in taking action against hazardous chemicals. the past, Kerala Government had taken similar action by banning 14 hazardous pesticides in 2011, following the endosulfan ban. Globally, glyphosate is produced and licensed by the agrochemical giant Monsanto, now Bayer. Couple of years back, the International Agency for Research on Cancer had classified glyphosate a probable human carcinogen. Recently, three Californian courts ordered Monsanto to pay million dollars of compensation to patients who suffered with cancer following glyphosate use. In August last year, a San Francisco State Court found that the Round up, a glyphosate based weedicide has caused cancer to a farm worker. “In the wake of international developments on glyphosate regulation, and demand from several State governments in India for stringent regulation, it is high time that government of India bans glyphosate nationally. Government of India has to help Kerala State, by harmonising this decision, across India. There is enough scientific evidence showing that glyphosate is harmful to human health and environment”, said Dr. Narasimha Reddy of PAN India. More funds and programmes on alternatives have to be taken up to get rid of this chemical. “Literally, it is a ban on glyphosate in the state. This will be a crucial step in the process of converting Kerala in to Organic Farming State. However, more stringent regulatory measures are essential to achieve this considering local agro climatic and environmental conditions”, says Dileep Kumar from PAN India. “The Department of Agriculture has to take further efforts for scientific assessment on all the pesticides used in the state and then phase out all the highly hazardous ones that are harmful to health and environment. In addition, positive initiatives are needed from the agriculture department for promoting alternative non-chemical farming practices based on agroecology principles to convert Kerala into an natural farming state, and enable sustainable food production and facilitate resilient ecology, ensuring pesticide free food, and doubling farmer income by providing adequate market support”, he added. While strict measures are being taken to control Glyphosate-containing herbicides, there are many challenges to the Department of Agriculture, Government and the Community. Though the license to sell glyphosate based herbicides in the state has been cancelled, cross-border trade on glyphosate needs to be blocked effectively as the products banned or restricted here are being brought in from neighboring States. Effective interventions to prevent pesticides coming from outside Kerala are needed to benefit from State actions on glyphosate.   Recent Posts भारत सरकार ने 27 कीटनाशकों पर पूर्ण प्रतिबंध लगाने का आग्रह किया കീടനാശിനികൾ നിരോധിക്കാനുള്ള തീരുമാനവുമായി കേന്ദ്രസർക്കാർ ശക്തമായി മുന്നോട്ട് പോകണം Indian government urged to push through with total ban of 27 pesticides Government Proposes Banning of 27 Pesticides Used in India Which are Banned In Other Countries Central Insecticide Board clarifies pesticide spraying with drone illegal in India TagsAgroecology AnupamVarma Commitee Report Banned Pesticides BAN Pesticides BRS COPs 2017 Climate Change Community Suffering Corporate Accountability Corporate Libility Delhi gas leack Draft Banning of Pesticides Order 2016 Fact Finding Mission Food Sovereignty Glyphosate Glyphosate ban Herbicide HHP HHPs Highly Hazardous Pesticides Indian Tea India Pesticide Ban India Pesticide Risk Inhalational Poisonings Maharashtra Association of Pesticide Poisonned Persons MAPPP Non-chemical Alternatives No pesticide Use Day Paraquat Paraquat Retailing India Paraquat Use is India Pesticide Management Bill-2017 Pesticide Menace in Yavatma Pesticide Poisoning Pesticide Poisoning in Yavatmal Pesticide Regulation Phasing out HHPs Plantation Pesticide PMB-2017 Roundup Tea Plantations UN HRC Special Rapporteur on the right to food World Soil Day Yavatmal Yavatmal Declaration Yavatmal poisoning


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